The London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP)                

Evaluation of the LMUP in the Chichewa language in Malawi
Dr Jennifer Hall Institute for Women’s Health, UCL, led the translation and validation of the Chichewa version of the LMUP in Mchinji District, Malawi. The initial validation was conducted as part of Dr Hall’s PhD research on pregnancy intention and maternal and neonatal health outcomes, and in 2021 she published an updated validation, based on a large community sample. Further publications from the study can be found here

Full details of the translation and validations can be found in the following publications:

Hall JA, Stephenson J, Barrett G, 2021 Evaluating the Chichewa version of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy in Malawi: a validation update BMC Research Notes 14:231 Abstract and full pdf

Hall J, Barrett G, Mbwana N, Copas A, Malata A, Stephenson J. 2013 Understanding pregnancy planning in a low-income country setting: validation of the London measure of unplanned Pregnancy in Malawi BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 13:200 Abstract and full pdf

The Chichewa LMUP was a valid and reliable measure of pregnancy intention and can be downloaded for use in research and / or surveillance in Malawi. It is scored in the same way as the original LMUP.

The LMUP translated into Chichewa

The LMUP translated into Chichewa (in English)


Further evaluation of the measurement properties of the Chichewa LMUP has been carried out by Dr Sara Yeatman, University of Colorado, and Dr Emily Smith-Greenaway, University of Southern California:

Yeatman S, Smith-Greenaway E. 2018 Birth planning and women's and men's health in Malawi Studies in Family Planning 43;3:213-235 Abstract

                          copyright © Dr Geraldine Barrett